E&O Insurance for Film and TV: The Value of a Lawyer

Posted by David Hamilton on Feb 20, 2012 5:34:00 PM

By: Doran S. Chandler - Roberts & Stahl, Entertainment Lawyers

Entertainment lawyers are often called upon to help clients obtain Errors & Omissions insurance for their productions. This job is easy if the needs of E&O insurers are considered before production begins. However, the process can be difficult and time-consuming if no thought is given to E&O coverage until after the final cut is locked.

E&O Insurance covers claims against a production, including breach of copyright or trademark, breach of privacy, defamation and breach of contract. These claims do not usually surface until there has been a broadcast or exhibition of the production.

E&O coverage is not included in the standard production insurance that is taken out for injuries, damage to property, etc. Only occasionally do you hear about the types of claims for which E&O insurance provides protection. For example, an action was brought several years ago against Dreamworks by an author who had written a book about the events depicted in the feature film Amistad. The author claimed that her copyright had been breached because the film told the story in ways which were similar to the book. More recently, one of the characters depicted in the recently released feature film Boys Don’t Cry has brought an action for breach of privacy because of the manner in which her life was depicted.

But most claims do not make headlines; usually they are threatened and then settled. Even if your insurer is ultimately successful in defeating a claim, it can still be costly because of the legal fees involved. And even if a claim is settled, the producer generally pays.

There are only a small number of insurers who provide E&O insurance to the entertainment industry. These policies are sold by specialized agents who are familiar with film and television production. If you have been involved in producing a documentary or television production, you have probably filled out the lengthy forms involved in making an E&O application. The application tells the agent how far along you are in the production and what the problem areas are likely to be, but it also serves as a handy checklist for you. Once the application is received, the agent will provide you with a quote and hand it over to lawyers who provide advice to the insurer about the risks involved with the production. The insurer will have its lawyer contact production counsel to review the potential problem areas and to discuss how these will be addressed.

The advantage of having your lawyer speak directly to the insurer’s lawyer is that often E&O insurance can be approved with a single phone call. The disadvantage from a lawyer’s perspective is that you sometimes end up doing the insurer’s dirty work by telling a client why certain material can’t be used. Because the insurer’s lawyer relies on production lawyers to decide whether to grant insurance, your lawyer is obliged to identify problem areas. If they do not, you (and the broadcaster) could end up being liable for the omission and your lawyer’s credibility can be affected.

Producers' Errors and Omissions Insurance  Learn More

Errors & Omissions Insurance

Tags: Film Production Insurance, Film Insurance, Production Insurance, Entertainment Insurance, Film insurance broker, Entertainment Insurance Broker, Film Production Insurance Premiums, E&O insurance for Films, E&O Insurance, Errors and Omissions coverage for films, Insurance for weather, directors & officers liablity, Producers Errors & Omissions Liability Insurance, Producers E&O Insurance, HD E&O, Producers Errors and Omissions Insurance

A Canadian Insurance Broker Needed to Avoid Potential Tax Penalties

Posted by David Hamilton on Feb 7, 2012 2:55:00 PM

If you are a US Insurance Broker that has a client with a Canadian subsidiary, Canadian tax law requires that: 

  • The policy must be issued by a licensed Canadian insurer
  • The premium must be paid by the Canadian subsidiary directly to a licensed Canadian broker who then  must pay the Canadian insurer.
  • If an unlicensed insurer is used, Provincial tax penalties may be as high as 50% of the premium and an additional Federal tax of 10% of the premium will also be levied

A US Insurance Broker that does not hold a license in Canada will not be able to place business with a Canadian insurance company. Furthermore a US broker that does not hold a Canadian license is not allowed to provide insurance advice to a Canadian company – even if it is a subsidiary of a US parent company. To do so will incur a premium tax and penalties that are payable by the subsidiary. 

A broker licensed and domiciled in Canada will make sure that your client complies with all insurance regulations so that the policy will respond when required. A Canadian Entertainment Insurance Broker will also ensure that the premiums qualify for any applicable tax credits.

This article explains the law well and in detail l and that the CRA (the equivalent of your IRS) is being stricter about enforcing it- http://www.canadianunderwriter.ca/news/excise-tax-extends-its-reach/1000405882/.

At Front Row, we would be happy to assist you insure your subsidiaries inCanada. Ask us how.

Please contact David Hamilton:  604-684-3456 or e-mail david@frontrowinsurance.com

Tags: directors & officers liablity, Documentary Insurance, Documentary Films, Film Production Insurance, Entertainment Insurance, Errors and Omissions coverage for films, DICE Insurance, Entertainment Insurance Broker, Film Production Companies, Film Production Insurance Premiums, Front Row Insurance Brokers, Front Row, Canadian Insurance Broker, Canadian Insurance, Canada Film Broker, US Insurance Broker

AS A DIRECTOR or OFFICER, HOW MUCH ARE YOU PERSONALLY RESPONSIBLE?

Posted by David Hamilton on Dec 15, 2011 4:13:00 PM


The Canada Business Corporation Act and numerous statutes in each Province impose many duties on the Company Director. The breach of any of these, if it leads to financial loss to the company or to the shareholders or to others, can be grounds for an action for damages. There are further duties established by Common Law.

It is not uncommon for many claims to be unjustified or unfounded; however, the costs associated with their investigation and defense are often substantial.

Allegations which are most commonly made and which have to be defended by Directors include:

  • Acting beyond the scope of their authority.
  • Giving wrong or unprofessional advice.
  • Breach of fiduciary duties.
  • Failure to police the corporation or supervise subordinates properly. Anti-trust violations.
  • Improper or excessive company spending.
  • Unauthorized company borrowing.
  • Conflict of interest.

Remember, the above only need to be alleged for costs to be incurred.

These allegations are most likely to occur following:

  •  Acquisitions/divestitures.
  •  Mergers.
  •  Foreign investment (especially in the USA).
  •  Public offerings.
  •  Management buy-outs.
  •  Lack of growth, reduced dividends, improper handling of negotiations.
  •  Mismanagement or waste of corporate assets.
  •  Employee dismissal.
  •  Board room dispute.
  •  Breach of contract.
  •  Liquidation of the company.
  •  Change in ownership of the company's share capital.

It is also worth remembering that Directors can be held liable for acts committed by other Directors, simply .because they ·sit on the same board. Such damages can extend to the entire personal estate of the Director involved.

Directors and Officers' Liability Insurance is...

  1. Financial protection for personal assets of an individual Director or Officer.
  2. Reimbursement of claims paid by the organization for its Directors and Officers.
  3. Designed especially to meet the cost of:
    • Defending claims
    •  Compensatory damages Which the Director or officer may be legally obligated to pay following a wrongful act arising out of his position within the organization.

A Directors’ and Officers' Liability insurance policy should be a serious business consideration for your company.

Click me

Or for further information please contact:

David Hamilton

Front Row Insurance Brokers

Telephone: 604-684-3456 (direct)

Fax: 604-684-3437

Email: david@frontrowinsurance.com

Tags: d&o insurance, d&o insurance, d & o insurance, d&o insurances, D&O liability, directors & officers insurance, directors & officers liablity, E&O Insurance, Multimendia Risk

Directors and Officers Insurance for Film Production Companies

Posted by David Hamilton on Jan 30, 2010 12:54:00 PM

Small to medium sized privately owned film production companies face several of the same management exposures as larger corporations - yet many don't purchase directors and officers liability insurance. A simpler approach could change all of that.

There are several hundreds of production companies in Canada and it is clear they are important to Canada's economy. What's less clear is why so few of them buy management protection in the form of directors and officers (D&O) or Employment Practices (EPL) liability insurance. Several studies show that the take-up rate of management liability protection amongst production companies has been slow.

While Canadian data is scarce, a recent survey by Chubb Insurance found that 37% of U.S. companies do not purchase any type of management liability or professional liability insurance. In a survey of private companies, the majority of survey participants (63%) did not buy directors and officers liability or employment practices liability insurance. Based on our experience, the same trends likely apply in Canada.

Smaller privately owned companies may think their exposure to management liability risks is low or negligible, but that is not necessarily the case. In fact, another study by Chubb Insurance Company of Canada showed that private firms both here and south of the border are facing similar rates of lawsuits against their directors and officers, legal action involving general management liability and lawsuits from their customers.

In a survey released in September 2008, Chubb discovered that private companies in Canada and the U.S. faced similar lawsuits from customers (16%), competitors (5%), Vendors (6%) and partners or shareholders (3%) in the last five years. The average cost of the affected Canadian companies was $338,699. One-third of Canadian companies and almost a quarter of U.S. firms experienced an employment-practices related incident in the last five years. Judgments, settlements, fines and legal fees for such incidents cost affected companies an average of $63,724.

Based on our experience, there are numerous factors as to why film production companies tend to decline management liability protection. Many of the privately held film production companies we talk to say the application process is too cumbersome and the information requirements too broad. The second is that film production companies tend to perceive the price as too high.

Film production companies also tend to have fewer internal control mechanisms, such as human resources or compliance officers and company protocols, than larger suppliers.

Moreover, private held companies are likely to face short-term cash flow issues, which is reflected in relatively higher bankruptcy rates for small businesses.

The bottom line is the film production companies can, and do, face a number of liability issues related to directors and officers and employment practices. Executive and non-executive business owners are increasingly being held accountable for their actions.

We know of several distinct examples of privately held companies facing litigation related to bankruptcy, misrepresentation, wrongful dismissal and dissolution of a partnership. In one case, a retail company over expanded during a time of economic difficulty. Its revenues shrank, but inventory and supplies continued to grow. The result was bankruptcy. The company faced statutory liabilities and the directors were left exposed to pay for amounts owing 9including unpaid wages). The settlement amount came to $765,000 (including $165,000 for defence costs).

In Ontario, Bill 198 has also made it easier for shareholders to sue companies along with their directors and officers. In the last 18 months, the number of lawsuits has increased significantly as a result of this legislation.

It's clear there is a potentially significant coverage gap for many privately held companies in Canada when it comes to management liability. The main purpose of any new D&O or EPL insurance solution should help to protect these organizations.

Tags: d&o insurance, d&o insurance, d & o insurance, d&o insurances, D&O liability, directors & officers insurance, directors & officers liablity, Film insurance broker, Film Production Companies

You are a Director or an Officer, do you need D&O insurance?

Posted by Meghan Stickney on Apr 3, 2009 5:35:00 AM

The Canada Business Corporation Act and numerous statutes in each Province impose many duties on the Company Director. The breach of any of these , if it leads to financial loss to the company  or to the shareholders or to others, can be grounds for an action for damages. There are further duties established by Common Law.

Get a Free Quote Now!
 

It is not uncommon for many claims to be unjustified or unfounded; however, the costs associated with their investigation and defense are often substantial.

Allegations which are most commonly made and which have to be defended by Directors include:

Acting beyond the scope of their authority

  • Giving wrong or unprofessional advice
  • Breach of fiduciary duties
  • Failure to police the corporation or supervise subordinates properly. Anti-trust violations.
  • Improper or excessive company spending
  • Unauthorized company borrowing
  • Conflict of interest.

Remember, the above only need to be alleged for costs to be incurred.

These allegations are most likely to occur following:

  • Acquisitions/divestitures
  • Mergers
  • Foreign investment (especially in the USA)
  • Public offerings
  • Management buy-outs.
  • Lack of growth, reduced dividends, improper handling of negotiations.
  • Mismanagement or waste of corporate assets.
  • Employee dismissal.
  • Board room dispute
  • Breach of contract
  • Liquidation of the company
  • Change in ownership of the company's share capital.

It is also worth remembering that Directors can be held liable for acts committed by other Directors, simply because they sit on the same board. Such damages can extend to the entire personal estate of the Director involved.

Directors' and Officers' Liability (D&O Insurance) is...

Financial protection for personal assets of an individual Director or Officer. 

  1. Financial protection for personal assets of an individual Director or Officer.
  2. Reimbursement of claims paid by the organization for its Directors and Officers.
  3. Designed especially to meet the cost of:
  •  Defending claims
  •  Compensatory damages which the Director or Officer may be legally obligated to pay following a wrongful act arising out of his position within the organization

A D&O insurance policy should be a serious business consideration for your company.

Tags: directors & officers liablity, directors & officers insurance, D&O liability, d&o insurances, d & o insurance, d&o insurance, d&o insurance

Recent Posts

Posts by Topic

see all